PLATFORM FOR SECURITY AND COOPERATION IN EUROPE AND ASIA
Program of the International Academic Conference
PLATFORM FOR SECURITY AND COOPERATION IN EUROPE AND ASIA
PEACE FOR XXI CENTURY
15:30 – 16:00 – Receiving the participant`s at Conference.
Welcoming Committee : President of Romanian Parliament Mr. Valeriu Zgonea, Professor dr. Anton Caragea , Kazakhstan Charge d`affairs to Romania –H.E. Talgat Kaliyev.
16:00 – Beginning of the Conference
Opening speech by President Professor Dr. Anton Caragea, Director of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation: A UNIQUE SOLUTION FOR PEACE IN XXI CENTURY: THE PLATFORM FOR SECURITY AND COOPERATION IN EUROPE AND ASIA.
Opening speech by President of Romanian Parliament –Chamber of Deputies- Mr. Valeriu Zgonea
Opening speech by Minister for Relations with Parliament -Mr. Dan Sova on behalf of Romanian Government
Opening speech by H.E. Talgat Kaliyev, Charge d` affairs of Embassy of Republic of Kazakhstan in Romania : KAZAKHSTAN PROPOSAL FOR PEACE IN XXI CENTURY: THE PLATFORM FOR SECURITY AND COOPERATION IN EUROPE AND ASIA.
Key-note speech of H.E. Emil Constantinescu , President of Romania ( 1996 – 2000 ) on PRESIDENT NURSULTAN NAZARBAYEV INITIATIVES FOR PEACE AN SECURITY.
Key note speech of H.E. Ion Iliescu , President of Romania ( 1990-1996; 2000-2004 ) on PEACE AND SECURITY IN THE FRAMEWORK OF THE WORLD ECONOMY GLOBALIZATION.
Key-note speech of President of Romania-Kazakhstan Business Council: PEACE AND SECURITY IN EURASIA BY ECONOMIC COOPERATION : THE XXI CENTURY AND THE SILK ROAD RE-BIRTH .
Key-note speech of Mr. Ahmed Aledin, member of Romanian Parliament ,Vice-President of Romanian-Kazakhstan Parliamentary Friendship Group on: KAZAKHSTAN SOLUTION FOR PEACE AND SECURITY IN EUROPE AND ASIA.
Key-note speech of professor dr. Mircea Constantinescu ( Director of European Diplomatic Academy ) on: A SOLUTION FOR THE INSECURITIES OF GLOBALIZATION: NAZARBAYEV PLAN FOR SECURITY AND COOPERATION.
Key-note speech of professor dr.Petre Buneci, lawyer, Dean of Faculty of Law on: RESPECT TOWARDS INTERNATIONAL LAW – THE KEY ELEMENT OF PLATFORM FOR SECURITY AND COOPERATION.
Closing ceremony. Thanking speech by Professor Anton Caragea and H.E. Talgat Kaliyev .
Dear representatives of the Diplomatic Corp accredited in Romania
Distinguished representatives of Romanian Parliament and Government of Romania
Ladies and Gentlemen,
I would like to begin by thanking and address a word of appreciation for choosing as host of the International Conference SECURITY AND COOPERATION PLATFORM IN EUROPE-ASIA IN THE TWENTY FIRST CENTURY.
The Romanian voice has been heard strongly and steadily over the past 100 years in support of all initiatives to create a climate of peace in the world: names such as the Romanian Nicolae Titulescu or Vespasian Pella remain in the golden book of the League of Nations in the interwar period for their efforts in promoting peace and stability worldwide.
Romania has linked its name to the peace and disarmament conferences of the 30s which tried to avoid the nightmare of a new world war, created a framework for the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe in Helsinki Agreements of 1970-1975, supported disarmament negotiations in the eighties and now supports the idea of the Cooperation and Security Platform in Europe and Asia.
I would like to note and appreciate the initiative of the Kazakh Presidency, President Nursultan Nazarbayev, to organize a broad debate on building a Euro-Atlantic and Eurasian security platform based on the extraordinary success of 's OSCE chairmanship.
In my speech I want to refer to two types of challenges facing the Platform for Cooperation and Security in Europe and . Developing a long term strategy of security in region can not be postponed, given that other organizations have approached it. The EU has recently defined a strategy and NATO will adopt a new strategic concept
This effort to establish a cooperation strategy and global security is accelerated by the rapid changes of the globalization.
The globalized world can be characterized as a risk society in which have a large number of citizens has adapted. Especially young people up to 40, who do not assume perennial identities and loyalties, but pragmatic and present.
The contemporary world is complicated by the coexistence of proto-state or pseudo-state structures based on clans, extended families or other structures that preceded the formation of peoples or nations. They are visible in Africa, in parts of Asia or . The approach of the international community of each of the actors and each theme should take into account the perceptions of the actor in question.
The security of each state of the world must adapt to post-modern society. In today's world, states can no longer be divided into blocks because the reactions which occur as a result of different interests lead to changing alliances and the opposite sides for different themes or topics.
It is on the one hand a reflection of democratization of the contemporary world, but also the pragmatism of the governments forced to meet the needs of its own citizens.
The problems of transition to democracy, coupled with separatism and strengthening delay of the new independent states creates at their turn direct risks related to political legitimacy of states and governments and question the institutional capacity to fight corruption, and the mafia-type groups which fuel separatism and blocks the consolidation of the new states.
These elements, coupled with the existence of the frozen conflicts arouse concern, both for the fragmentation trends of new independent states, as well as for the transit of terrorist elements to or the preservation of backward mentality that generates the appeal for the administrative models.
Conflict prevention and post-conflict management situations require a comprehensive vision able to develop the complementarity of the actions initiated by Platform for Cooperation and Security in Europe and with activities of other global or regional bodies.
A balanced view should take into account the interests of different ethnic and religious communities, the duties of States and their citizens' natural rights, local and future interests of the regional actors.
It can not be developed without the contribution of the representatives competent to express plurality of voices, questions and aspirations of hundreds of millions of people living in the space of the Platform for Cooperation and Security in Europe and it is. Political structures such as the Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly can be completed with civil society structures. Only such a process meant to strengthen the respect for human rights, democracy and common security may acquire depth that only real intention of peoples can guarantee.
Finally I would like to thank the diplomatic community for the confidence vote for Romania by supporting this important event in our country, I would like to thank the Presidency of Kazakhstan, Romania's strategic partner for a strong focus given on the strategy debate in Bucharest in the coagulation strategy for the Cooperation Platform and Security in Europe and Asia and I would like to hope that our efforts of all those present will help to create a better and safer world for us all.
Address by H.E.TalgatKaliyev,
Charge d’Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan to Romania,
at the International Academic Conference
PLATFORM FOR SECURITY AND COOPERATION IN EUROPE AND ASIA: PEACE FOR XXI CENTURY
It is great pleasure and honor to present a Concept of Euro Atlantic and Eurasian security. The idea of creating a wide basement for intercontinental security and cooperation framework was initially proclaimed by President Nursultan Nazarbayev in September 2012 in Astana.
In recent years, the world has lived through major political, social, economic and environmental upheavals. The geopolitical turmoil in the Middle East and North Africa, the ongoing regional conflicts, as well as natural and man-made disasters serve as compelling evidence indicating that the issues of security, stability and sustainable development are becoming increasingly relevant.
We believe that world politics should be based on new global principles. In the 21 century, these principles encompass constructive multi-polarity and transparency, trust and political tolerance, and clear pre-eminence of evolutionary forms of development of the world. They should be enshrined in the core documents of the United Nations and the entire international law system.
So, why Kazakhstan and why now?
Since gaining its independence, Kazakhstan has prioritized the economic development for increasing living cost of the people, and further events proved that it was a wise decision.
During the 20 years of our independence, the GDP per capita grew by more than 12 times and has exceeded 10,000 dollars.
In the next 5 years, we will reach the amount of 15,000 dollars. The primacy of economic development has led us to effective security, political stability and spiritual harmony. More than 130 ethnic groups peacefully co-exist in Kazakhstan while Muslim mosques, Christian temples and Judaic synagogues stand peacefully next to each other.
This is a practical contribution of our country into the advancement of peace and tolerance.
Kazakhstan is a heart of Eurasia. All main land routes passes through our territory. In next few years Kazakhstan will become a major transport hub between Europe and Asia with a most comfortable environment for investors. The New Silk Road strategy is already underway connecting Asia with European Union. The goods from China and the rest of Asia together with Caspian oil and gas and European technologies and investments will move along this road with two-way traffic with minimum bureaucracy, time and costs.
President Nazarbayev was first among leaders of the post-Soviet space who proposed a principles of economic cooperation in Eurasia which later transformed into Single Economic Space. Now we are working on the next stage of integration – Eurasian Union.
After gaining independence Kazakhstan became a member of major international organizations like United Nations, OSCE, Commonwealth of Independent States, Shanghai Cooperation Organization, NATO Partnership for Peace. It was Kazakhstan who established the Conference on Interaction and Confidence-building Measures in Asia – an analogue of OSCE in the region.Today CICA consists of 24 Member states such as Russia and China, India and Pakistan, Iran and Israel. It was Kazakhstan who managed to rename Organization ofIslamic Conference into Organization of Islamic Cooperation. We heavily contributed into gradual changing mind of the leaders all over Islamic world that main problems of their countries come not from outside but hidden inside their own vision and way of thinking and it has nothing to do with religious beliefs.
From the very beginning we understood that security issues are a key to the solution of the global problems both of economic and political origin. Finding solution based on common interests – this is a slogan of Kazakhstan’s foreign policy.
Another prove of Kazakhstan’s commitment to global security is a practical implementation of a project to host an International Bank of Low-enriched Uranium, under the auspices of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), which would allow, if need be, to ensure uninterrupted supply of nuclear fuel. It has to be made clear that the Bank will in no way infringe upon the inalienable right of each State Party to the Treaty on Non-proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) to use nuclear energy for peaceful purposes, including the development of nuclear technology.
Our main concern is that almost 25 years after the fall of Berlin Wall and the end of the Cold War the world still stands divided by numerous barriers. There are no clear perspectives for the solution of number of conflicts, particularly, in Europe like NagornyKarabakh and Trandnistria. The major energy infrastructure projects stucked because of political contradictions.
The main reason of this complicated situation we perceive in a lack of trust. Everybody agreed that something must be done but there is no a real progress. We have a number of international structures and forums whose main responsibility is to support peace and to promote cooperation. But what we do not have is a clear, transparent and permanent dialogue between mentioned organizations. The message from Kazakhstan is the following – it is time to elaborate a platform which, from one side, will unite common interests, and, on the other, will release current political approaches from the trash of the bygone era.
Kazakhstan is ready to contribute into energy security of Europe. Romania as a valuable member of the European Union, with its strategic location in the South-East Europe and developed transport infrastructure, including Danube, might become a key entry point for Caspian energy resources. There is a common approach between Astana and Bucharest to these issues. We could work together to share our vision and experience with the rest of Europe and Eurasia.
One more important issue raised by President Nazarbayev is an initiative of G-Global. My President expressed his concern that existing forums like G-8 and G-20 have achieved a minor progress in dealing with a world financial crisis. His proposal is to create a much broader dialogue based on5 principles: evolution, not revolution; equality and consensus; global tolerance and trust; transparency; and multi-polar world.
Summarizing all mentioned above I’d like to stress that Kazakhstan with its industrial and energy potential, business environment, clear and predictable foreign policy, with experience of chairing at the OSCE and OIC has a right to call a international community to a fast and resolute actions.
At the end I would like to express my sincere gratitude to all speakers for their valuable remarks, to Romanian Academy for courtesy to host today’s event and my dear friend Professor Caragea for his relentless contribution into strengthening friendship and cooperation between Romania and Kazakhstan.
Thanks for your attention.
PRESIDENT NURSULTAN NAZARBAYEV PLAN FOR PEACE AND STABILITY IN THE XXI CENTURY.
By PhD. Professor Anton Caragea
The illusory perfect world of the XXI century.
At the beginning of the twentieth century optimistic geopolitics, led by the famous thinker Francis Fukuyama, believed that we are witnessing the fulfilling prophecy on the end of history.
At first glance everything seemed to give them justice: the market economy seem to liquidate traditional inequalities between countries and promised an era of overall development and steady growth of the living standards.
If, on the level of the individual safety, market economy promised abundance and absence of crises, in the field of global security the developments seemed to ensure a better future.
The permanent EU enlargement ensured security on the European continent, joining former Cold War adversaries in a forum of development, democracy, security and general welfare, it seemed that a future in which even Russia will become a member of the European Union was not one too far away.
On military level NATO appeared to be an invincible military shield and it seemed to become even a global alliance which was to provide at indications of the Security Council, missions to impose global order. The global equation of stability seems solidly built.
Nothing has remained from this perfect picture of a better world.
NATO intervention in Afghanistan and the defeat suffered has influenced the future plans of the Alliance, the announced withdrawal from Afghanistan in 2014, ends long-standing contingency plans for NATO trouble spots.
From now on there will be only punctual interventions with duration of less than one year, the only ones that the Alliance can do effectively.
Instead of a coherent NATO interventions focusing on post-conflict reconstruction, we started to become witnesses of illegal intervention or of unilateral actions from the NATO members, which do not only exceed the
action out of the alliance, but it also contradicts its fundamental principles.
The EU crisis, which began as an economic crisis that hit Greece, Spain, Portugal and Ireland became a general economic crisis and blocked the expansion of the political union, expansion was supposed to be a future of prosperity for Europe.
The EU political crisis threatens more and more achievements that were once considered as permanent certainties: the right to free movement is questioned, the right to work is severely restricted and fined and the portrait of EU as a club of democracies is as severe questioned by the expansion of right-wing parties and by the blocking of the democratic mechanisms which no longer work on the continent.
Increased security risks.
The collapse of the safety certainties led to the revival and development of security risks: forgotten border conflicts are worldwide present, territorial conflicts in the Far East are among the most visible.
In Europe, the Kosovo crisis questioned the stability of the boundaries drawn after World War II, and there are here additional trouble spots throughout the Balkans and throughout Central Europe.
All these attract with them increased security risks and general instability, with only two possible outcomes: return to arms race and to the conflicts we thought forgotten after 1945 or rebuilding a new system of global security.
Voice of reason.
In September 2012, when leaders of the Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA) was held in Astana, capital of Kazakhstan, the usual speech reception, group pictures and final smiles were expected.
They were to have a surprise. Before them, their host President Nursultan Nazarbayev presented a comprehensive project to revive the dialogue and reduce tensions in the Euro-Asian.
It was not the first time the president of Kazakhstan surprised their guests with comprehensive and ambitious reform plans.
Everyone remembers in 2010, when Kazakhstan took over the Chairmanship of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE).
Everyone expected a usual cosmetic presidency, of a prestigious organization in free fall and utility. It was not to be like this.
President Nursultan Nazarbayev launched a project to reform and restructure the OSCE, put in foreground the overall security projects and the restoration of OSCE action potential.
The organization was not able to meet leaders in 1999, Kazakhstan has managed to achieve this performance. OSCE failed for two decades to bring together the civil society leaders, but in 2010, within the Conference of Bucharest, Kazakhstan has managed to do that.
At the end of a one year term, Kazakhstan has managed to inject fresh vigor into an organization that seemed irreversible affected by routine and inefficiency.
Now the voice of reason, the voice of Kazakhstan, is heard again: it is time for a platform of security and cooperation in the Euro-Asian and Euro-Atlantic area.
The security and cooperation platform.
The New Security and Cooperation initiative, launched by President Nursultan Nazarbayev states:
- Creation of a zone of stability that connects the Atlantic and Asia, the European and Asian continents.
- Establishment of a mechanism of interaction, flexible and based on tangible results and creation of communication channels.
- Unification of the countless existing organizations on global security: NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization), CSOT (Collective Security Treaty Organization), CICA (Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia), the OSCE (Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe).
- Focus of the dialogue on general security issues, banning the nuclear tests - initiative ATOM (stopping nuclear tests worldwide)
The methods of the new organization: Platform for Security and Cooperation Euro-Asian and they promise to help ease the global climate:
- Imposing the consensus as the only method of action of the new organization
- Solving of the crises by dialogue and diplomatic means
- Focus new organization on the central problems such as geopolitical rivalry / reducing global distrust / fight illegal migration / fight against trafficking in human beings and drugs / counter terrorism and extremism and suppression of territorial claims.
Kazakhstan – clear action, concrete results.
President Nursultan Nazarbayev said from the very beginning that his country will lead by example and will convince through clear results about the usefulness of its initiative.
Thus Kazakhstan launched in 1990, a successful initiative for the denuclearization of the region Central Asia, closed the nuclear test polygon from Semipalatinsk and gave up a huge arsenal of nuclear weapons (third in the world after the U.S. and Russia).
With such results, Kazakhstan took the flag of the fight for nuclear disarmament, having demonstrated that a nuclear country may renounce its weapons for promoting world peace. Not by words but by deeds, seems to be the motto of Kazakhstan's international action.
Thus, President Nazarbayev announced at the nuclear disarmament meeting in Seoul, the initiative to create an international bank for uranium, an entity meant
to control the resources and use of nuclear material for peaceful projects.
The establishment of such a bank would block traffic fusion materials, would allow nuclear arms control and allow the commencement of global nuclear disarmament. The new initiative received immediate support from the United States and the United Nations, as being the only reasonable proposal to address the problem of trafficking in nuclear materials.
Meanwhile, Kazakhstan has proposed a less ambitious goal, the ATOM initiative to ban nuclear tests and has made this initiative a decision available to all people, building a specialized website where any responsible citizen can
support initiatives designed to have a world without the risk of nuclear tests.
In Afghanistan, where the military solution failed, Kazakhstan has shown that the humanitarian solution gives results: hundreds of Afghan students graduate courses in Kazakh universities, laying the foundations, by providing the necessary personnel for the economic, administrative and health recovery of a country devastated and laying the foundations of a return to normality. Also construction of social facilities (schools, hospitals, health centers) developed the only strategy that works: higher standards of living.
The counter-drug fight reduces the sources of income of the destructive elements and Afghanistan rises again from the ashes of a failed military intervention.
As to the economic crisis, the Kazakhstan's president has built in his country the third world economy as growth rate, but he was concerned that only nation achieves economic growth, but he also provided a platform for combating
The solutions to fight the crisis were offered free, together with the necessary consultation.
While other solutions have failed and world organizations have enormous cost, the Kazakhstan’s offers as a solution to the crisis is only up to people affected by the crisis if they want to apply or not.
Finally, the most recent contribution of Kazakhstan to the political and economic crisis, is the rebuilding the Silk Road. The Silk Road brought
prosperity and security from Asia to Europe for two millennia.
Now with 5,000 kilometers of road built by Kazakhstan will link China to St. Petersburg and bring raw materials in emerging markets in Asia and will connect the European consumers with products offered by the Asian market.
By its revolution in transport, Kazakhstan has become the bridge between Asia and Europe, the area of transport and logistics and has become the host of dozens of trans-regional and multilateral organizations, connecting the Asia-Pacific, Europe-Atlantic area.
Romania-Kazakhstan: a joint voice for global security
After offering the example of a modern nation, contributing effectively to the global debate on crucial issues such as nuclear safety and solving of the global economic crisis, the new proposal of the President Nursultan Nazarbayev promises to offer a solution to avoid a ravaging conflict in the XXI century.
Romania’s response to the initiative of Kazakhstan can only be positive, given the long tradition of Romanian efforts towards disarmament and creation of a global security system.
The Romanian voice must be with Kazakhstan's initiative in setting up the platform for Security and Cooperation in the Euro-Asian and Euro-Atlantic integration, as the only reliable solution to ensure not only national security but also to bring our contribution to the great idea debate of the century.
Our country's voice must be heard again in support of world peace!
Dear representatives of the Diplomatic Corps accredited in
Distinguished representatives of Romanian Parliament and Government of Romania
Ladies and Gentlemen,
When I was asked to provide the main speech at the SECURITY AND COOPERATION PLATFORM IN EUROPE-ASIA IN THE TWENTY FIRST
CENTURY I could not stop do not realize how much it means in Romanian history the constant struggle of our nation in favor of peace and security worldwide.
Throughout its history, the efforts in favor of disarmament initiatives, reduction of stress and creation of a climate of understanding between nations have never been an intellectual fashion, but have always been part of our country's security strategy.
Supporting the ideal of world peace, the Romanian statesmen understood that they serve our national most sacred interest.
Therefore, hosting by a conference on security and cooperation in Europe and Asia is part of this long tradition of our country to give its support to such generous initiatives as the one of the presidency of .
First of all we must understand the security risks and frozen conflicts are not merely academic debates, but they reflect the reality of a globalized world, constantly changing and that no country can claim a right of permanent security. Peace is built, planned and sometimes fought for it and knowing the future risks of a nation puts is part of a true statesman’s activity.
In order to shape a vision on the future risks, we must have the courage to openly discuss difficulties this. In recent years we have been invited to conferences in , organized by the Atlantic Council, on the future of the - EU relations and at NATO conference in , on the organization's new strategic concept.
My interventions have emphasized the need for abandoning the language of "politically correct" which is nothing more than taking former "wooden language" of the Communist regimes. None of them resolve conflicts, but postpone them. Or, the task of SECURITY AND COOPERATION PLATFORM IN EUROPE-ASIA was first of all to resolve old frozen conflicts and then to focus on their prevention.
Regarding the long-term strategy of a SECURITY AND COOPERATION PLATFORM IN EUROPE-ASIA, things are somewhat different. An effort is required to understand and anticipate the trends of evolution or involution of the world in which we live. Changes in the security environment can be understood only if we consider changing nature of international relations, rules, regulations, typology of actors, goals and mechanisms of action.
A triggering element of the new theoretical approach was the Russian-Georgian war in August 2008. Its immediate consequences revealed the inherent weaknesses of frozen conflict resolution systems, managed by the OSCE - in and the UN - in Abkhazia.
Beyond that, the apparent institutional bottlenecks of the EU foreign policy and conflicts within NATO became obvious. Although the conflict was blocked, a major institutional international crisis turned out visible. Its components are a crisis of the means, a crisis of principles and a moral crisis. The reviewing of the security strategies based on new models of approach has become a necessity. The same thing applies for the logical consequences regarding
security assessment and planning.
THE PLATFORM FOR SECURITY AND COOPERATION in Europe and must primarily have a preventive vocation. This will be the cornerstone of its activity in the immediate future. This implies a growing complexity of the analysis and means of action.
The repeated crises have shown that, unfortunately, locally preventive interventions are not sufficient and must be inserted in an assembly of long-term actions, which should consider all regions and all questions that they may destabilize, from the economic difficulties to the rooted stereotypes in the divergent mentalities, from the instability of the ways of communication to the unconventional security risks.
Being the only Euro-Asian organization in which all Member States are Europe and Asia, THE PLATFORM FOR SECURITY AND COOPERATION in Europe and Asia may prove to be an effective tool to build a culture of dialogue and cooperation in Europe and Asia and of worldwide.
The SECURITY AND COOPERATION PLATFORM EUROPE-ASIA should aim to become a laboratory where the political culture of safety is created through mutual trust, negotiation and cooperation.
The SECURITY AND COOPERATION PLATFORM EUROPE-ASIA can identify major risks, formulate and implement programs to enhance mutual trust, both within countries with high risk, as well as in potential conflict areas.
In this lab I believe that there is a privileged place for former presidents during the period of transition from communist dictatorships to democracies. With their experience of statesmen and civic reformers, using mutual relationships and earned prestige, they can play a role in defusing conflicts and in rethinking the organization's long-term strategy.
The great contribution to peace initiatives, such as PLATFORM SECURITY AND COOPERATION EUROPE-ASIA of President Nursultan Nazarbayev to the European security architecture and the world one will be without doubt that the war will not be held due to the creation of democratic mechanisms and dialogue with civil society to strengthen cooperation, preventive diplomacy.
Is there a need for peace initiatives? Yes. For what? For a safer world. For whom? For all of us.
Dear representatives of the Diplomatic Corp accredited in Romania
Mr. President Emil Constantinescu
Distinguished representatives of Romanian Parliament and Government of Romania
Ladies and Gentlemen,
I would like to begin by giving a word of thanking and appreciation to the organizers of the International Conference on Security and Cooperation Platform in Europe and Asia - PEACE IN XXI CENTURY, to His Excellency, Mr. Talgat Kaliyev, ambassador of in , and Economic Cooperation and the Diplomatic Corps accredited in our country.
The ideal of international cooperation, a world freed of war, conflict and suffering is a historic ideal for which has not stopped fighting, has not stopped to hope and believe and not stopped to support such actions.
Today when the developed world, our partners, are beginning to build a broad SECURITY AND COOPERATION PLATFORM IN EUROPE AND ASIA, the Romanian voice could not be absent.
The main question that I would like to respond in my speech is: why do we need the SECURITY AND COOPERATION PLATFORM IN EUROPE AND ASIA?
With an accelerating globalization no state or organization can resist new and existing challenges to ensure the safety of their citizens. In addition, the very security gets an increasingly comprehensive character.
Today security is understood not only by purely military aspects but also the stability of economic growth, stable development, appropriate leadership, human rights, ecology, health and many other issues.
Transnational threats become a factor in the viability of everyday society, subjecting it to a constant threat, undermining public faith in a just and stable world order.
Transnational crime and criminal networks are becoming increasingly sophisticated, trying to get into the official structures, therefore it requires a compact response from the states and international organizations.
In the new millennium the uncontrolled spread of weapons of mass destruction represents a serious threat to the peaceful coexistence of states and to guarantee human rights to security. The escalating nuclear confrontation, without significantly progress in nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation talks, increased nuclear ongoing role as an instrument of pressure failure endanger the life and fate of billions of people.
On the other hand, under the pretext of security, there are more and more
occurring cases of external intervention in domestic political force in situations of crisis and attempts to act avoiding the unanimously recognized international norms and principles.
In these globally tensioned conditions it is extremely important that the new security and cooperation initiative launched by with the cooperation of other organizations in Europe and be known in detail.
By this SECURITY AND COOPERATION PLATFORM IN EUROPE AND ASIA we can have:
Creation an area of stability that connects the Atlantic and , European and Asian continent.
Establishment of a mechanism for interaction, flexible and based on tangible results and creating communication channels.
Unification of the countless existing organizations on global security: NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization), CSOT (Collective Security Treaty Organization), CICA (Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia), the OSCE (Organization for Security and Cooperation in ).
Focus of the dialogue on general security issues, banning the nuclear tests -
ATOM initiative (stopping nuclear tests worldwide)
The methods of the new organization: Platform for Security and Cooperation Euro-Asian and they promise to help ease the global climate:
Imposing the consensus as the only method of action of the new organization
Solving of the crises by dialogue and diplomatic means
Focus new organization on the central problems such as geopolitical rivalry / reducing global distrust / fight illegal migration / fight against trafficking in human beings and drugs / counter terrorism and extremism and suppression of territorial claims.
Ladies and gentlemen,
I'm sure we will have many opportunities to discuss the role of the SECURITY AND COOPERATION PLATFORM IN EUROPE AND ASIA in the years to come and Romania will be bring its contribution to global peace initiative in the XXI century. A great Romanian that never hesitated to raise his voice in support of efforts for peace, I mean the big Titulescu said that: striving for peace and a better world best serve our country and nation. It is a wisdom wit which I want to finish my speech.
Let us join out efforts for a better world!
Prof. Mircea Constantinescu, PhD,
Director of the European Diplomatic Academy:
President Nazarbyev Plan for Security and Cooperation, a Solution to the Globalization Failures.
One hundred years ago, globalization seemed to be a wonderful dream, a long awaited dream of billion people, as a symbol of the human society development towards justice, equality and well being. All these after decades and centuries of suffering and unjustice.
But two decades ago, the mankind discovered with astonishment and worry that the “global village” (remember McLuhan) is no quiet place, there is no justice or well-being. We discover that the different components of the global society are not expanding in harmony but at different pace, generating major disfunctionalities and at the same time having pervert effects and unpredictable consequences.
All the nations of the world, in cooperation with important multi and
transnational companies were engaged in huge efforts, efforts quantifiable in intelligence, work and financial resources, in building global communication networks, networks for transportation of energy and other natural resources, infrastructure networks, on air, sea and land. And all these are able to connect people, to carry people and goods everywhere in the world, in due time and at reasonable costs.
One pervert, and somehow unexpected effect of all this chaotic (or at least uncoordinated) global development is the fact that all these remarkable achievements are used almost for free by the new and by the old criminal networks, getting huge amounts of money from trafficking human beings,
prostitution, drugs, guns and smuggling illegal merchandise.
The national, regional and international organizations dealing with cooperation and security seem to be the most affected by these global changes. Traditionally they had the role of maintaining peace and stability over large geographical areas.
The fast development of the world society, the globalization and the dynamic redistribution of the centers of power over a short period of time (almost half a century) clearly underlined the necessity of change in the role of these organizations, and their fast adapting to the demands and consequences of an accelerating globalization process.
In this context, the initiative of the President Nazarbayev to create an Euro-Asia platform of cooperation and security is very attractive and actual. This proposition also presents an updated image of the global and regional situation, an analysis of the risks jeopardizing the world’s economic stability,
This proposition in presented into a extremely realistic shape, taking into account the fact that there already are many organization at the national, regional and international level, functioning in this area of activity. All these organizations will be able to improve their activity by a strong cooperation within the platform.
The new paradigm proposed by President Nazarbayev takes into account all the specific activities of these organizations, in close interaction with the global changes (during the last decades) and also determining major changes in the strategies of the organizations for cooperation and security.
As an example, UNO (United Nations Organization), the supreme forum for dialog and action for the 198 member nations, became a huge hierarchical structure, where traditionally pile up (up to suffocation) all the important problems to be solved by dialog and cooperation, problems belonging to all the nations of the world.
To all these we witness the new problems to be solved in the context of regional and international globalization effects. Even the initial and well defined role of the UNO Security Council, for information, fast analysis, decision and reaction along with coherent action, seems to be under scrutiny, reflecting a general need for reevaluation and redefinition.
NATO, an organization which proved many times its expertise and experience under situations that threatened the security of the European continent and of the entire world, NATO now feels trapped within its own frontiers, apparently without the possibility of expanding its jurisdiction over planetary areas with real problem of security and stability.
A final remark, about the wise form of implementation of the Euro-Asia platform for cooperation and security.
The implementation of this project is proposed to be in the form of a common platform, which is a network type of paradigm. Meaning that there will be no supreme entity for coordination and control in the classical sense of hierarchical structures.
There will be communication, information exchange and possibly a coherent decision and action at the level of the entire network, generating efficiency and flexibility.
All the organizational entities invited to be part of this platform will be equally the beneficiaries of the cooperation’s results, with the possibility of sharing their knowledge and expertise within this new mechanism, meant to solve some of the unwanted and unhappy consequences of the globalization process.
ROMANIAN SUPPORT FOR PRESIDENT NURSULTAN NAZARBAYEV INITIATIVE FOR PEACE IN XXI CENTURY.
Romania had hosted, with an unprecedented success, the Conference in support of the PLATFORM FOR SECURITY AND COOPERATION IN EUROPE AND ASIA, the most important strategic and analytic conference in 2012 related to Europe-Asia relation.
The debate was held in the presence of the diplomatic corp accredited to Romania and of academic corp from Romania and Europe.
The main focus of the conference agenda was the analysis of the Kazakhstan Presidency global drive for peace initiative launched in September 2012 at the CICA Assembly ( Conference for Confidence Building Measures in Central Asia) in Astana.
During the academic and diplomatic debates the rostrum was occupied by lofty personalities of romanian and international public life such as: Romanian President Mr. Emil Constantinescu, President of Romanian Parliament-Valeriu Zgonea, professor dr. Anton Caragea-Director of International Relations and Economic Cooperation Institute , President of Romania-Kazakhstan Business Council, Director of European Diplomatic Academy Mr. Mircea Constantinescu, Kazakhstan Ambassador Mr. Talgat Kaliyev, representatives on behalf of Romanian Government etc.
In the opening speech of the conference the President of Romanian Parliament Mr. Valeriu Zgonea had underlined the full support and backing of Romania towards Kazakhstan peace initiative and specially the Romanian side appreciation towards President Nursultan Nazarbayev, the architect of an ambitious plan destined to insure peace in XXI century.
President Valeriu Zgonea had declared that: ″I wish to remark and appreciate
the initiative of Kazakhstan Presidency , especially President Nursultan Nazarbayev to generate a global debate on the construction of the platform of euro-atlantic security and Eurasia security based on the tremendous success of Kazakhstan OSCE Chairmanship.
I will also thank the Kazakhstan Presidency , Romania`s strategic partner for the important role offered to Bucharest Conference in the overall strategy to coagulate the PLATFORM FOR SECURITY AND COOPERATION IN EUROPE AN ASIA.
The former Romanian President Mr. Emil Constantinescu had stated on behalf of a dozen of Romanian and European civic and academic organization that ″the great contribution of such initiatives as the PLATFORM FOR SECURITY AND COOPERATION IN EUROPE AN ASIA build by President Nursultan Nazarbayev to the architecture of security in Europe and the world will undoubtedly be the wars that will never take place , because of constructing such democratic and dialogue based organizations and the fostering of cooperation with civil society and strengthening of preventive diplomacy.
Do we still need peace initiative`s concluded president Emil Constantinescu?
Yes. What for? For a safer world. For whom? For us all! ″
Professor dr. Anton Caragea , Director of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation of Romania had based his key note speech on the admiration of Romanian and European academic and diplomatic community on the impressive achievements of Kazakhstan in international arena as such: relinquishing nuclear weapons arsenal, building a develop economy, creating a safe area in Central Asia and the successful chairmanship of prestigious organization as : Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe ( OSCE) and Organization of Islamic Conference.
In the final note of his central address to the conference Professor dr. Anton Caragea emphasize that: ″after offering to the world the example of a modern nation building, a nation that efficiently strives to contribute to the world debates on crucial issues as: nuclear safety, resolving global economic crisis, the new proposal tabled by President Nursultan Nazarbayev promises to offer the solution to avoid a new global conflict in XXI century.
The Romanian replay to Kazakhstan initiative can be only one: a strong Yes, keeping in mind the long tradition of Romanian efforts towards global disarmament and the creation of a global security system.
The voice of Romania must stand shoulder to shoulder to Kazakhstan, in creating a PLATFORM FOR SECURITY AND COOPERATION IN EUROPE AND ASIA as the only feasible solution towards insuring not only our national security but also to bring our contribution and voice to the great debate of XXI century″.
In his allocution the President of Romania-Kazakhstan Business Council had presented the economic interest of building such a PLATFORM FOR SECURITY AND COOPERATION IN EUROPE AND ASIA stating that only peace and global security promised by Nazarbayev plan for XXI century can insure the global prosperity and offer the medium for solving the global economic crisis.
The Director of European Diplomatic Academy, professor Mircea Constantinescu had underlined on behalf of European diplomatic community that: ″President Nazarbayev proposal to create a PLATFORM FOR SECURITY AND COOPERATION IN EUROPE AND ASIA is extremely timely, and is also a present day chart of the global and regional situation and also a risk factors analysis that are putting in danger the economic stability, peace and world security″.
The diplomatic and academic tremendous success of the Conference on PLATFORM FOR SECURITY AND COOPERATION IN EUROPE AND ASIA was in itself a proof not only of the strong interest showed by Romania and Europe towards the peace and cooperation in XXI century initiative launched by Kazakhstan President Nursultan Nazarbayev but also showcase the exemplary capacity of Romania to outstanding mobilize and became a speaker for Europe in the support of the great plan for security in Eurasia.
ROMANIAN PARLIAMENT PRESIDENT MEETING THE DIPLOMATIC CORP ON CONFERENCE ON PEACE AND SECURITY
PRESIDENT OF ROMANIA ( 1996-2000) EMIL CONSTANTINESCU